Prostate Cancer Scientific Abstracts - Y. Cabeza-Arvelaiz

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Selected Cabeza-Arvelaiz Alcantara prostate cancer abstracts

Journal: Oncogene

Pubmed ID: 11709705

Authors: Cabeza-Arvelaiz Y, Thompson TC, Sepulveda JL, Chinault AC.

Title: LAPSER1: a novel candidate tumor suppressor gene from 10q24.3.

Numerous LOH and mutation analysis studies in different tumor tissues, including prostate, indicate that there are multiple tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) present within the human chromosome 8p21-22 and 10q23-24 regions. Recently, we showed that LZTS1 (or FEZ1), a putative TSG located on 8p22, has the potential to function as a cell growth modulator. We report here the cloning, gene organization, cDNA sequence characterization and expression analysis of LAPSER1, an LZTS1-related gene. This gene maps within a subregion of human chromosome 10q24.3 that has been reported to be deleted in various cancers, including prostate tumors, as frequently as the neighboring PTEN locus. The complete LAPSER1 cDNA sequence encodes a predicted protein containing various domains resembling those typically found in transcription factors (P-Box, Q-rich and multiple leucine zippers). LAPSER1 is expressed at the highest levels in normal prostate and testis, where multiple isoforms are seen, some of which are either undetectable or differentially expressed in some prostate tumor tissues and cell lines. Over-expression of LAPSER1 cDNA strongly inhibited cell growth and colony-forming efficiencies of most cancer cells assessed. Together these data suggest that LAPSER1 is another gene involved in the regulation of cell growth whose loss of function may contribute to the development of cancer.

Contact: Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA

Journal: Oncogene

Pubmed ID: 11464283

Authors: Caballero Alcantara JE, Marchal Escalona C, Garcia Penit J, Padilla Leon M.

Title: Functional identification of LZTS1 as a candidate prostate tumor suppressor gene on human chromosome 8p22.

Deletions in the 8p21-22 region of the human genome are among the most common genetic alterations in prostate carcinomas. Several studies in different tumor tissues, including prostate, indicate that there are probably multiple tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) present in this region. To identify candidate TSGs on 8p22 a YAC contig spanning this region was assembled and YAC clones retrofitted with a selectable marker (neo) were transferred into rat prostate AT6.2 cells. Two overlapping YAC clones showed greatly reduced colony-forming efficiency, indicating they may carry a TSG. Two BAC clones encompassing the overlapping region also appeared to exert suppressive effects on the growth of AT6.2 cells. Database searches for genes mapped to the critical region identified a gene known as FEZ1 (LZTS1) as a potential candidate suppressor gene. Subsequent experiments showed that over-expression of LZTS1 cDNA inhibited stable colony-forming efficiencies of AT6.2, HEK-293 and LNCaP cells. In contrast, LZTS1-transfected Rat-1 and RM1 cells were growth-stimulated. Database searches also identified additional isoforms of the LZTS1 mRNA, as well as LZTS1 protein domains reminiscent of those found in transcription factors. Together these data suggest that the LZTS1 gene is involved in the regulation of cell growth and its loss of function may contribute to the development of prostatic carcinomas, as well as other cancers.

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